Common and severe Ebola symptoms
Ebola is an intense and deadly disorder resulted by a virus. Common symptoms of Ebola are diarrhea, vomiting, bleeding inside the body and eventual death. Ebola occurs in humans and also in monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees. Ebola outbreak occured in West Africa in the largest count in 2014 ever in the history. Almost 70% people who were infected by Ebola were died. This virus has a very nominal risk to people in US.
Causes of Ebola
First time Ebola was found in 1976 at a place near Ebola river hence so called Ebola disease. After then many outbreaks have been noticed in Africa. The outbreak in year 2014 was the largest one in the world. The widely affected countries by this virus are: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and it is also noticed in some extent in countries like Nigeria, Senegal, United States, Spain and Mali.
Many cases are because of travelling across the countries that are affected by Ebola. WHO announced Nigeria and Senegal unaffected by Ebola.
In November 2014, four people were diagnosed with this virus in America. In one case, a person visiting from West Africa to Texas, he was infected by this disease and died. In other case, two care takers who were handling an infected person were also infected by this disease. A health specialist who had treated these patients in Guinea came back to New York city and was found to be infected by this disease. These three persons well recovered from this virus completely after treatment.
As compare to other diseases, Ebola virus doesn’t transmit as easily like cold, flu and other communicable diseases. None of studies have shown that it can transmitted by air or water. This disease is not transmitted from one person to other as long as symptoms are developed.
It transmits only through direct contact with the infected body fluids such as vomit, feces, semen, breast milk, urine, saliva, sweat however there more fluids that contain virus such as tears. The virus can enter in a body by cracked skin or mucous membranes such eyes, nose and mouth. It can also be transmitted through contact with any kind of infected surfaces, materials and objects that were earlier in contact with body fluids of Ebola patients like bedding, outfits, bandages, needles, syringes, testing apparatus etc.
Ebola virus may also be transmitted through: dealing with infected wild animals shot for food like bushmeat, communication with body fluids and blood of affected animals and coming in touch with infected bats. This disease doesn’t spread through air, water, food, insects like mosquitoes etc
An average person experiences its symptoms between 2 to 21 days. The premature ebola disease symptoms are fever more than 101.5oF or 38.6oC, freeze, sore throat, intolerable headache, pain in muscles, weakness, tiredness, fatigue, rashes, pain in stomach, diarrhoea and nausea. Final symptoms of Ebola are bleeding from mouth, rectum, ears, eyes and nose and failure of body organs. If an individual doesn’t experience any of above problems, he is free of Ebola.
Recognize Ebola Symptoms and seek for treatment
Ebola is incurable. Medical treatments have been implements, but these cannot provide the full treatment and are not proven for suitable and safe cure. Patients with ebola should be sent to a hospital for treatment where they can be isolated to prevent the transmission of virus. The health specialists treat the ebola symptoms with utmost care. The treatment includes: providing fluids through vein, oxygen, blood pressure management, cure for other infection and transfusion of blood.
The treatment success depends on the immunity level of a person against the virus. Moreover, receiving suitable medical care also ads in health improvement of a patient. After treatment patients who defeat this disease are sage from the virus for ten years or more and are no longer virus transmitter. Although, man who stay alive may retain Ebola virus for three months in their sperm. They should avoid sexual act or take security measures like condoms to prevent its transmission. Prolong complications may include problems in sight and joints.
Receiving a correct treatment on time may enhance your lifetime.
Till now, no vaccine has been found to cure Ebola. US government requests all US citizens to not to travel across Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone due to unparalleled eruption of Ebola in these nations. If you have urgency to visit these nations, health specialists suggest taking the following security measures to prevent the disease:
- Full cleanliness. Clean your hands using soap and water or alcohol containing hand sanitizer. Do not come in contact with any blood or body fluids.
- Do not come in contact of people who are suffering with fever, nausea or seem sick.
- Do not use materials that were used by infected person such as clothes, bed sheets, needles, syringes and medical apparatus.
- Avoid funeral that need dealing with a body of a person who was died from Ebola.
- Do not come in contact with bats and animals having infected blood or fluids and prevent using meat of these animals.
- Do not visit hospitals in West Africa that are treating Ebola patients. if you require a medical treatment, contact with United States embassy to know about the suitable medical services.
- When you come back to your country, get medical care minimum for 21 days and observe if you develop Ebola symptoms. Get a medical treatment if you suffer with fever. Give details to your health specialists about the country where the virus exits.
The medical experts who are dealing with patients infected by Ebola should take the follow precautions:
- Wear security dresses such as masks, gloves, gowns and eye guard
- Practice the virus control steps and treatment procedures properly.
- Keep the ebola patients in isolating conditions from other people.
- Prevent direct communication with the dead bodies of Ebola patients.
- Inform your health administration if you come in direct contact with blood or body liquids of an infected patient.